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MEXICO AND THE USA, THE MIRROR OF WEIMAR?

Updated: Jun 7

"There is the mirror of Weimar. In times of crisis of democracies it is no coincidence to turn to look at oneself in it"

"There is the mirror of Weimar. In times of crisis of democracies it is no coincidence to turn to look at oneself in it"


🔴This phrase suggests that the Weimar Republic, with its turbulent history and eventual collapse into Nazism, serves as a warning to contemporary democracies in crisis. By looking in the "Weimar mirror", we can identify parallels and learn from past mistakes to avoid repeating them.


🔴Some of the aspects that make Weimar a relevant mirror for today's democracies include:


Political instability : The Weimar Republic was characterized by extreme political fragmentation, with numerous parties competing for power and forming unstable coalitions. This made it difficult to make effective decisions and created an environment conducive to extremism.


Social polarization : German society was deeply divided on ideological, economic and social issues. This polarization fueled conflict and political violence, further weakening democracy.


Economic crisis : Hyperinflation and the Great Depression caused enormous economic and social suffering, eroding confidence in the democratic system and increasing the appeal of radical solutions.


Rise of extremism : In this context of crisis, extremist movements such as Nazism found fertile ground to grow and gain popular support, exploiting fear, frustration and resentment.


🔴By examining these factors, we can better understand the dangers that democracies face in times of crisis and the importance of upholding democratic values, promoting dialogue and cooperation, and addressing economic and social problems effectively.

It is important to remember that history does not repeat itself exactly, and each democracy faces unique challenges. However, the "Weimar mirror" offers us a valuable lesson about the fragility of democracy and the need to be alert to the threats that threaten it.


WHY DID MORENA'S POLITICAL PARTY TRIUMPH IN MEXICO?

WHY ARE REPUBLICANS LIKELY TO WIN THE US PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS?

As in the case of Weimar, when the people of a nation are tired of seeing so many blunders and abuses by politicians, they literally "hand over" democracy in the hands of whoever they consider can fix the problems of a country, even if this means giving up control. democracy in the face of a totalitarian system as has already happened and, perhaps, will happen again in the USA at the hands of Donald Trump.

Is Mexico going in that direction? We don't know for sure, time will tell us.


People "deliver" democracy in various ways, both active and passive:

Active Forms:

  • Supporting authoritarian leaders: Voting or showing support for leaders who promise quick and simple solutions to complex problems, but who erode democratic institutions and individual rights.


  • Participating in acts of political violence: Inciting or participating in violent acts against political opponents, minorities or democratic institutions, weakening the rule of law and pluralism.


  • Spreading disinformation and propaganda: Spreading fake news, conspiracy theories and hate speech that polarize society, generate distrust in institutions and undermine the legitimacy of democratic processes.


  • Boycotting elections and democratic processes: Refusing to participate in elections, referendums or other citizen participation mechanisms, weakening the representativeness and legitimacy of the system.


Passive Forms:


  • Apathy and political disinterest: Not informing oneself about public affairs, not participating in debates and not voting, allowing others to make decisions that affect everyone.


  • Conformism and resignation: Passively accepting corruption, injustice and the violation of rights, without demanding accountability from the rulers or defending democratic values.


  • Prioritizing personal interests over the common good: Putting individual benefit before the needs of the community and the general interest, weakening solidarity and social cohesion.


  • Failure to defend freedom of expression and pluralism: Allowing critical voices to be silenced, minorities to be persecuted and the diversity of opinions to be limited, eroding the basis of a democratic society.


It is important to highlight that the delivery of democracy is not a single and definitive act, but rather a gradual and cumulative process. Every small concession to authoritarian leaders, every act of political violence, every lie spread and every vote not cast contributes to weakening democracy and paving the way for authoritarian regimes.


The defense of democracy requires active and constant commitment from all citizens. Being informed, participating, debating, voting, defending the rights of all and demanding accountability from those in power are fundamental actions to preserve and strengthen democracy.


TOTALITARIAN LEADERS

Difference between dictatorship and totalitarianism:

Both dictatorship and totalitarianism are authoritarian forms of government that suppress opposition and concentrate power in the hands of a few, or even a single person. However, there are key differences that set them apart:


Dictatorship:

🔴Although dictatorships may restrict certain individual freedoms, they generally do not attempt to control all aspects of citizens' private lives. There may be some tolerance towards religion, cultural traditions and social activities, as long as they do not pose a threat to the regime.

They can be motivated by various ideologies, such as nationalism, militarism or anti-communism. However, these ideologies are not usually the center of the regime and may not be systematically imposed on the population.


Totalitarianism:

🔴 Totalitarian regimes seek absolute control over all aspects of life, both public and private. This includes politics, economics, education, culture, media, and even the thoughts and beliefs of individuals.

It is based on an official ideology that is considered the only absolute truth. This ideology is used to justify total control of the regime and is imposed on the population through propaganda, education and repression.

They seek to mobilize the masses in support of the official ideology. This is achieved through mass organizations, such as single parties, Hitler Youth or Red Guards, which control and indoctrinate the population.

Terror and violence are essential tools of totalitarianism. They are used to eliminate the opposition, intimidate the population and maintain absolute control of the regime.


Totalitarian leaders are political figures who exercise absolute and centralized control over all aspects of a country's public and private life. They are characterized by:


Concentration of power: They accumulate all power in their hands, eliminating or subduing any institution or group that may challenge their authority. This includes control of the government, military, police, media, and economy.


Unique and exclusive ideology: They promote an official ideology that is imposed on the entire society, rejecting any form of dissidence or pluralism. This ideology is usually nationalist, racist, religious or revolutionary, and is used to justify repression and social control.


Cult of personality: They present themselves as infallible, charismatic leaders and saviors of the nation, using propaganda and manipulation to create a heroic image and generate adoration among the population.


Repression and violence: They use violence, intimidation and persecution to eliminate any opposition and maintain control. This includes censorship, torture, imprisonment, exile and murder of political opponents, ethnic or religious minorities, and anyone considered a threat to the regime.


Total control of society: They intervene in all aspects of citizens' lives, from education and culture to the economy and personal relationships. They impose strict morality, control the media, censor information and limit individual freedoms.

Examples of totalitarian leaders:

  • Adolf Hitler (Germany): Leader of the Nazi Party and dictator of Germany during the Third Reich. Responsible for the Holocaust and World War II.

  • Benito Mussolini (Italy): Founder of fascism and dictator of Italy during World War II.

  • Joseph Stalin (Soviet Union): Leader of the Communist Party and dictator of the Soviet Union. Responsible for the Great Purge and forced collectivization.

  • Mao Zedong (China): Leader of the Communist Party and founder of the People's Republic of China. Responsible for the Cultural Revolution and the Great Leap Forward.


It is important to note that totalitarian leaders can emerge in different historical and political contexts, and use various ideologies to justify their power. However, they share common characteristics such as concentration of power, repression and total control of society.


COMMITMENT TO THE NATION

"Commitment is what transforms a promise into reality" and I hope that the candidate elected for the presidency of Mexico honors the words and proposals she spread on Sunday, June 2.


And above all, honor your promise when taking protests:

"I protest to keep and ensure that the Political Constitution of the United Mexican States and the laws that emanate from it are kept, and to loyally and patriotically carry out the position of president of the Republic that the people have conferred on me, looking in all things for the good and prosperity of the Union; and if I do not do so, let the Nation demand it from me."


In his political ideology, José Vasconcelos mentions that the Revolution (Transformation) only fits when there is

" Manhood of good and progress, social justice and human dignity, free of personalism and demagogic charlatanry."

And he considered that

"Only the political leadership of the middle classes can provide continuity and stabilize the revolutionary process"


WHAT TO DO TO NOT YIELD DEMOCRACY TO TOTALITARISM?

To avoid the surrender of democracies, it is crucial to take action both individually and collectively:


Individual Actions:

  1. Be informed and educated: Stay informed about public affairs, research candidates and political parties, and understand the mechanisms of democracy. Civic education is essential for making informed and responsible decisions.

  2. Actively participate: Vote in all elections, get involved in civil society organizations, participate in public debates and express informed opinions. Democracy is strengthened with active citizen participation.

  3. Defend rights and freedoms: Protect freedom of expression, the right to peaceful protest, gender equality and diversity. Respect the opinions of others, even if you do not agree with them.

  4. Reject violence and discrimination: Condemn any form of political violence, discrimination and hate speech. Promote tolerance, dialogue and peaceful conflict resolution.

  5. Demand transparency and accountability: Demand that rulers be held accountable for their actions, denounce corruption and demand transparency in public management.


Collective Actions:

  1. Strengthen democratic institutions: Support independent media, independent judiciary and oversight bodies. Defend the separation of powers and the rule of law.

  2. Promote civic education: Promote educational programs that encourage citizen participation, critical thinking and democratic values from an early age.

  3. Build a strong civil society: Support civil society organizations working for democracy, human rights and the common good. Participate in peaceful social movements that defend democratic values.

  4. Promote dialogue and cooperation: Promote spaces for dialogue and debate between different sectors of society. Seek consensual solutions to common problems and build a more inclusive and equitable society.

  5. International cooperation: Support democracies at risk, denounce human rights violations and promote international cooperation to strengthen democracy globally.


The defense of democracy is a continuous effort and requires the active participation of all citizens. By taking individual and collective action, we can prevent the surrender of democracies and build more just, free and prosperous societies.


SOURCES:

  1. Ricardo Homes / Opinion Leader / https://ricardohoms.com/

  2. Jacobo Dayan. Weimar Republic. Kindle Edition


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